DEPARTMENT: Cerf's up
As resources diminish, research and innovation will be needed to compensate for their scarcity. How will computer science contribute to such a situation?
Vinton G. Cerf
John Arquilla analyzes the latest in a long line of cyber intrusions, while Mark Guzdial considers how to prepare CS students for professional decision making.
John Arquilla, Mark Guzdial
Natural language processing delves more deeply into its knowledge gap.
Machine intelligence significantly reduces the time needed for an MRI scan, which can help reduce patient anxiety.
Sophisticated, dangerous ransomware is the new normal … and there is no simple fix.
COLUMN: Technology strategy and management
Tracing temporary work modifications resulting in permanent organizational changes.
COLUMN: Broadening participation
Seeking to improve systemic fairness in the computing realm.
Q. Brown, T. Grandison, J. D. Burge, O. C. Jenkins, T. Dillahunt
COLUMN: Kode Vicious
Respect your staff, learn from others, and know when to let go.
George V. Neville-Neil
COLUMN: Historical reflections
The complex legacy of Steven Levy's obsessive programmers.
Considering the fundamental nature and malleability of programming.
Liesbeth De Mol, Maarten Bullynck
Seeking to develop a multilingual Wikipedia where content can be shared among language editions.
SECTION: Arab World special section
Over the last decade, the Arab world witnessed a significant investment in computer research and the corresponding enabling industry.
Sherif G. Aly, Mohamed Mokbel, Moustafa Youssef
SECTION: Arab World special section: Hot topics
Though KAUST shares many of the operational mechanisms of western universities, it has a unique model of operation that deviates from most modern universities in several important aspects.
E. N. (Mootaz) Elnozahy
QCRI was created with a mandate to support Qatar's transformation from a carbon economy to a knowledge-based economy.
Ahmed Elmagarmid, Abdellatif Saoudi
The Arab region is well positioned for building world-class data science teams to fill the supply shortage of data professionals, especially in the oil and gas field critical to region's economy.
Motaz El Saban
An overview of the United Arab Emirates' unique and visionary pursuit of artificial intelligence.
Farah E. Shamout, Dana Abu Ali
The majority of Qataris are underemployed and working in government white collar jobs that are precisely the occupations likely to be made redundant by AI.
Ashraf Aboulnaga, Sanjay Chawla, Ahmed Elmagarmid, Mohammed Al-Mannai, Hassan Al-Sayed
Despite the challenges that Lebanon has faced over the past five years, several success stories materialized in its entrepreneurial ecosystem.
Walid R. Touma, Saad El Zein
Finding solutions to the challenges that will help deliver autonomous driving to world regions in desperate need of it.
Hesham M. Eraqi, Ibrahim Sobh
Addressing traffic routing problems with sparse data.
Sofiane Abbar, Rade Stanojevic, Shadab Mustafa, Mohamed Mokbel
Building a community of Arab students and faculty interested in Human-Computer Interaction and a platform to connect with established HCI researchers.
Shaimaa Lazem, Mennatallah Saleh, Ebtisam Alabdulqader
SECTION: Arab World special section: Big trends
Though Arabic NLP has many challenges, it has seen many successes and developments.
Kareem Darwish, Nizar Habash, Mourad Abbas, Hend Al-Khalifa, Huseein T. Al-Natsheh, Houda Bouamor, Karim Bouzoubaa, Violetta Cavalli-Sforza, Samhaa R. El-Beltagy, Wassim El-Hajj, Mustafa Jarrar, Hamdy Mubarak
A menu of Awareness, Examples, Instruction, Opportunity, and Utilization will Yield members of the exascale workforce, mnemonically: A, E, I, O, U and sometimes — hopefully often(!) — Y.
The paucity of data on the United Nations' 17 Sustainable Development Goals provides an opportunity to use non-traditional data sources as a complement, in particular through the use of artificial intelligence.
Ingmar Weber, Muhammad Imran, Ferda Ofli, Fouad Mrad, Jennifer Colville, Mehdi Fathallah, Alissar Chaker, Wigdan Seed Ahmed
The Arab world's response to cyber security challenges does not happen without tension or regional specificity.
Christina Pöpper, Michail Maniatakos, Roberto Di Pietro
How four prominent universities across the Arab region stimulate high-quality undergraduate research and innovation in computing.
Slim Abdennadher, Sherif G. Aly, Joe Tekli, Karima Echihabi
The biomedical computing research community in the Arab world has been actively contributing to efforts that tackle long-standing biomedical challenges.
Seif Eldawlatly, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Omar S. Al-Kadi, Takashi Gojobori, Boris Jankovic, Mohamad Khalil, Ahsan H. Khandoker, Ahmed Morsy
The Arab region opens ample room for communications and networking innovations and services and contributes to the critical mass of global networking innovation.
Basem Shihada, Tamer Elbatt, Ahmed Eltawil, Mohammad Mansour, Essaid Sabir, Slim Rekhis, Sanaa Sharafeddine
Prominent database researchers are settling within the Arab region and furthering its database research culture.
Ashraf Aboulnaga, Azza Abouzied, Karima Echihabi, Mourad Ouzzani
Arabic poses a set of unique speech recognition challenges due to its rich dialectal variety.
Ahmed Ali, Shammur Chowdhury, Mohamed Afify, Wassim El-Hajj, Hazem Hajj, Mourad Abbas, Amir Hussein, Nada Ghneim, Mohammad Abushariah, Assal Alqudah
The 24-year-old security model has found a second wind.
SECTION: Contributed articles
What does it mean to be fair?
Sorelle A. Friedler, Carlos Scheidegger, Suresh Venkatasubramanian
The promise and the challenges of the first industry-supported language to master the trade-off between safety and control.
Ralf Jung, Jacques-Henri Jourdan, Robbert Krebbers, Derek Dreyer
SECTION: Review articles
Attention, particularly self-attention, is a standard in current NLP literature, but to achieve meaningful models, attention is not enough.
Eduardo Souza Dos Reis, Cristiano André Da Costa, Diórgenes Eugênio Da Silveira, Rodrigo Simon Bavaresco, Rodrigo Da Rosa Righi, Jorge Luis Victória Barbosa, Rodolfo Stoffel Antunes, Márcio Miguel Gomes, Gustavo Federizzi
SECTION: Research highlights
The authors of "Succinct Range Filters" make a critical and insightful observation: For a given set of queries, the upper levels of the trie incur many more accesses than the lower levels. This results in a data structure that …
We present the Succinct Range Filter (SuRF), a fast and compact data structure for approximate membership tests.
Huanchen Zhang, Hyeontaek Lim, Viktor Leis, David G. Andersen, Michael Kaminsky, Kimberly Keeton, Andrew Pavlo
COLUMN: Last byte
Where will the ball drop when the spinning roulette wheel stops?