Moore's Law will continue to provide exponentially increasing transistor integration capacity to integrate diverse functions in a system, enabling unprecedented compute capability, and making it ubiquitous to further enrich our lifestyles. However, the same physics that made this possible also pose some barriers, namely energy consumption and limitations of system interconnections. Supply voltage reduction has slowed down for numerous reasons, resulting in higher energy with higher levels of transistor integration. Higher integration also demands more interconnections, which have started hitting the fundamental limits of physics.
The Centip3De design is truly a marvel of an energy-efficient system demonstrating two key concepts to address these challenges, namely near-threshold computing (NTC), and 3D integration.
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