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An edited collection of advanced computing news from Communications of the ACM, ACM TechNews, other ACM resources, and news sites around the Web.


U.K. Will Use GPS Fingerprint Scanner to Track People Facing Deportation
From ACM TechNews

U.K. Will Use GPS Fingerprint Scanner to Track People Facing Deportation

The U.K.'s Home Office says it will soon require people facing deportation to carry a global positioning system (GPS)-enabled fingerprint scanner at all times. ...

Apps Used as Alternatives to Prison in U.S. Have Privacy Flaws
From ACM TechNews

Apps Used as Alternatives to Prison in U.S. Have Privacy Flaws

Researchers found privacy flaws in apps used in the U.S. to track people waiting for immigration court dates, those in juvenile detention systems, and those on...

Fiber-Optic Cables Could Be Used for Spying
From ACM TechNews

Fiber-Optic Cables Could Be Used for Spying

Device can eavesdrop on people up to 1 km away using existing fiber-optic cables.

Seventy-Five Percent of the World's Top Websites Allow Bad Passwords
From ACM TechNews

Seventy-Five Percent of the World's Top Websites Allow Bad Passwords

Princeton University's Arvind Narayanan and colleagues found 75% of 120 top-ranked English-language websites permit weak passwords.

Global Satellite Map Will Help Hunt Down Illegal Fishing Vessels
From ACM TechNews

Global Satellite Map Will Help Hunt Down Illegal Fishing Vessels

A new digital map uses satellite radar imagery to identify potential illegal fishing vessels.

AIs Could Be Hacked with Undetectable Backdoors to Make Bad Decisions
From ACM TechNews

AIs Could Be Hacked with Undetectable Backdoors to Make Bad Decisions

Renegade staff theoretically could insert undetectable backdoors in third-party artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, enabling hackers to commandeer the AIs...

People Are Bad at Spotting Fake LinkedIn Profiles Generated by AI
From ACM TechNews

People Are Bad at Spotting Fake LinkedIn Profiles Generated by AI

Scientists  found fake profiles produced by artificial intelligence on the business social network LinkedIn can easily deceive people.

Fake Faces Created by AI Look More Trustworthy than Real People
From ACM TechNews

Fake Faces Created by AI Look More Trustworthy than Real People

Researchers found that people have a hard time distinguishing images of human faces created by artificial intelligence from images of real faces.

Satellite Images Show Biggest Methane Leaks Come From Russia, U.S.
From ACM TechNews

Satellite Images Show Biggest Methane Leaks Come From Russia, U.S.

A multinational team determined that methane "ultra-emitter" sites account for about a tenth of the oil and gas industry's global methane emissions.

Birthday Wishes Inadvertently Give Away Private Information Online
From ACM TechNews

Birthday Wishes Inadvertently Give Away Private Information Online

Researchers have determined that birthday wishes on Twitter can inadvertently expose private data that could jeopardize recipients' online security.

Robot Performs Keyhole Surgery on Pigs
From ACM TechNews

Robot Performs Keyhole Surgery on Pigs

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University programmed a robot to perform minimally invasive keyhole surgery on pigs.

Australia's AI Cameras Catch Over 270,000 Drivers Using Phones
From ACM TechNews

Australia's AI Cameras Catch Over 270,000 Drivers Using Phones

Artificial intelligence-equipped cameras have spotted more than 270,000 drivers using phones while driving in New South Wales, Australia, since March 2020.

Most Cryptocurrency Trades May Be People Buying from Themselves
From ACM TechNews

Most Cryptocurrency Trades May Be People Buying from Themselves

As many as seven in 10 cryptocurrency trades on popular exchanges worldwide may involve people purchasing from themselves to inflate prices artificially.

AI-Generated Deepfake Voices Can Fool Humans, Smart Assistants
From ACM TechNews

AI-Generated Deepfake Voices Can Fool Humans, Smart Assistants

Freely available voice-mimicking software can deceive people and voice-activated tools like smart assistants, according to University of Chicago scientists.

Simple Make-Up Tips Can Help You Avoid Facial Recognition Software
From ACM TechNews

Simple Make-Up Tips Can Help You Avoid Facial Recognition Software

Researchers at Israel's Ben-Gurion University of the Negev developed artificial intelligence software that can provide makeup advice to foil facial recognition...

Smart Reporting Tool Could Combat Fake News on Encrypted Chat Apps
From ACM TechNews

Smart Reporting Tool Could Combat Fake News on Encrypted Chat Apps

Researchers at George Washington University say they have built a tool that would allow users to expose fake news without endangering their privacy. The Fuzzy Anonymous...

GPS Cyberattack Falsely Placed U.K. Warship Near Russian Naval Base
From ACM TechNews

GPS Cyberattack Falsely Placed U.K. Warship Near Russian Naval Base

A cyberattack may have been involved in a naval confrontation this week between Russia and a British warship in the Black Sea that never really happened.

How Has the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected STEM Pay and Job Prospects?
From ACM News

How Has the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected STEM Pay and Job Prospects?

The COVID-19 pandemic has been a bumpy ride for many sectors, but a New Scientist Jobs/SRG survey shows science and tech have weathered the storm better than most...

Robot Foresters Could Plant Thousands of Trees a Day
From ACM TechNews

Robot Foresters Could Plant Thousands of Trees a Day

Two types of autonomous robot foresters developed by Estonia's University of Tartu and robot manufacturer Milrem are planting trees from Milrem's driverless ground...

Voice Assistant Recordings Could Reveal What Someone Nearby Is Typing
From ACM TechNews

Voice Assistant Recordings Could Reveal What Someone Nearby Is Typing

A machine learning system can be used with voice assistants to detect typing on touchscreens nearby, using artificial intelligence (AI) tools to determine what...
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