The system described in "SATURN: An Introduction to the Internet of Materials" works passively, energized essentially by static electricity generated as layers...Joseph A. Paradiso From Communications of the ACM | December 2020
We propose an Internet of Materials, where the very materials of objects and surfaces are augmented or manufactured to have computational capabilities.
Nivedita Arora, Thad Starner, Gregory D. Abowd From Communications of the ACM | December 2020
"Computing Value of Spatiotemporal Information," by Heba Aly et al., describes a technique for computing the monetary value of a person's location data for a potential...Cyrus Shahabi From Communications of the ACM | September 2020
We investigate the intrinsic value of location data in the context of strong privacy, where location information is only available from end users via purchase.
...Heba Aly, John Krumm, Gireeja Ranade, Eric Horvitz From Communications of the ACM | September 2020
"Automating Visual Privacy Protection Using a Smart LED," presents a new technique to address the issue of cameras capturing proprietary or private information—it...Marco Gruteser From Communications of the ACM | February 2020
We introduce LiShield, which automatically protects a physical scene against photographing, by illuminating it with smart LEDs flickering in specialized waveforms...Shilin Zhu, Chi Zhang, Xinyu Zhang From Communications of the ACM | February 2020
"Fundamental Concepts of Reactive Control for Autonomous Drones" introduces the notion of "reactive control" in which an autopilot's control logic is run only intermittently...John Baillieul From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
We conceive a notion of reactive control that allows drones to execute the low-level control logic only upon recognizing the need to, based on the influence of...Luca Mottola, Kamin Whitehouse From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
"Emotion Recognition Using Wireless Signals" shows that not only can the heartrate be counted with accuracy comparable to ECG devices, but the variabilities of...Romit Roy Choudhury From Communications of the ACM | September 2018
This paper demonstrates a new technology that can infer a person's emotions from RF signals reflected off his body.
Mingmin Zhao, Fadel Adib, Dina Katabi From Communications of the ACM | September 2018
"Which Is the Fairest (Rent Division) of Them All?" focuses on the problem of rent division, and stands out in the variety of techniques applied to arrive at a...Vincent Conitzer From Communications of the ACM | February 2018
What is a fair way to assign rooms to several housemates, and divide the rent between them? We develop a general algorithmic framework that enables the computation...Kobi Gal, Ariel D. Procaccia, Moshe Mash, Yair Zick From Communications of the ACM | February 2018
"Scribe," by Walter S. Lasecki, et al., is one of the first in a recent set of crowdsourcing papers that demonstrated how human workers can collaborate with computing...Ed H. Chi From Communications of the ACM | September 2017
We discuss how our Scribe system combines human labor and machine intelligence in real time to reliably convert speech to text with less than 4s latency.
Walter S. Lasecki, Christopher D. Miller, Iftekhar Naim, Raja Kushalnagar, Adam Sadilek, Daniel Gildea, Jeffrey P. Bigham From Communications of the ACM | September 2017
We propose a new biometric based on the human body's response to an electric square pulse signal, called pulse-response.
Ivan Martinovic, Kasper Rasmussen, Marc Roeschlin, Gene Tsudik From Communications of the ACM | February 2017
An important contribution of "Answering Enumeration Queries with the Crowd" is the observation that by using the crowd for the collection of new data, we are departing...Tova Milo From Communications of the ACM | January 2016
Hybrid human/computer database systems promise to greatly expand the usefulness of query processing by incorporating the crowd. Such systems raise many implementation...Beth Trushkowsky, Tim Kraska, Michael J. Franklin, Purnamrita Sarkar From Communications of the ACM | January 2016
"NoDB: Efficient Query Execution on Raw Data Files" investigates extending a DBMS so it can use the file data in situ, without having to load it first.David Maier From Communications of the ACM | December 2015
We here present the design and roadmap of a new paradigm in database systems, called NoDB, which do not require data loading while still maintaining the whole feature...Ioannis Alagiannis, Renata Borovica-Gajic, Miguel Branco, Stratos Idreos, Anastasia Ailamaki From Communications of the ACM | December 2015
"Soylent: A Word Processor with a Crowd Inside," introduces an exciting vision of using crowd workers to power an interactive system — here, a word processor —...Aniket (Niki) Kittur From Communications of the ACM | August 2015