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From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Taming the Name Game

In "Learning to Name Objects," the authors offer a method to determine a basic-level category name for an object in an image.

Learning to Name Objects
From Communications of the ACM

Learning to Name Objects

This paper looks at the problem of predicting category labels that mimic how human observers would name objects.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Treating Networks Like Programs

"Software Dataplane Verification" takes existing static checking of networks to a new level by checking the real code in the forwarding path of a Click router using...

Software Dataplane Verification
From Communications of the ACM

Software Dataplane Verification

We present the result of working iteratively on two tasks: designing a domain-specific verification tool for packet-processing software, while trying to identify...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Specialization Trend in Computer Hardware

Specialization improves energy-efficiency in computing but only makes economic sense if there is significant demand. A balance can often be found by designing...

Convolution Engine
From Communications of the ACM

Convolution Engine: Balancing Efficiency and Flexibility in Specialized Computing

We present the Convolution Engine (CE) — a programmable processor specialized for the convolution-like data-flow prevalent in computational photography, computer...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Big Data Needs Approximate Computing

"Neural Acceleration for General-Purpose Approximate Programs" demonstrates the significant advantages in cost, power, and latency through approximate computing...

Neural Acceleration for General-Purpose Approximate Programs
From Communications of the ACM

Neural Acceleration for General-Purpose Approximate Programs

This paper describes a new approach that uses machine learning-based transformations to accelerate approximation-tolerant programs.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Attacking a Problem from the Middle

"Dissection: A New Paradigm for Solving Bicomposite Search Problems," by Itai Dinur, Orr Dunkelman, Nathan Keller, and Adi Shamir, presents an elegant new algorithm...

Dissection
From Communications of the ACM

Dissection: A New Paradigm for Solving Bicomposite Search Problems

In this paper, we introduce the new notion of bicomposite search problems, and show that they can be solved with improved combinations of time and space complexities...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Power of Joint Multiuser Beamforming

Having multiple Wi-Fi Access Points with an overlapping coverage area operating on the same frequency may not be a problem anymore.

JMB
From Communications of the ACM

JMB: Scaling Wireless Capacity with User Demands

JMB, a joint multiuser beamforming system, enables independent access points (APs) to beamform their signals and communicate with their clients on the same channel...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Interplay of Neuroscience and Cryptography

An ideal scheme for password storage would enable a password with more than 20 bits of randomness to be input and output from the brain of a human being who is...

Neuroscience Meets Cryptography
From Communications of the ACM

Neuroscience Meets Cryptography: Crypto Primitives Secure Against Rubber Hose Attacks

We present a defense against coercion attacks using the concept of implicit learning from cognitive psychology. We use a carefully crafted computer game to allow...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Centip3De Demonstrates More than Moore...

Exponentially increasing transistor integration also demands more interconnections, which have started hitting fundamental limits. The Centip3De design demonstrates...

Centip3De
From Communications of the ACM

Centip3De: A Many-Core Prototype Exploring 3D Integration and Near-Threshold Computing

This paper evaluates the use of three-dimensional integration to reduce global interconnect by adding multiple layers of silicon with vertical connections between...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Video Quality Assessment in the Age of Internet Video

With video delivery, it appears that once again "the Internet changes everything." In this changed environment, what measures of quality are most relevant, and...

Understanding the Impact of Video Quality on User Engagement
From Communications of the ACM

Understanding the Impact of Video Quality on User Engagement

As Internet-based videos become mainstream, user expectation for high quality is constantly increasing. In this context, it is crucial for content providers to...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Is Dark Silicon Real?

The microprocessor chip R&D community has been well aware of the so-called "power wall" challenge for over a decade. The following work by Esmaeilzadeh et al. is...

Power Challenges May End the Multicore Era
From Communications of the ACM

Power Challenges May End the Multicore Era

Tthe microprocessor industry has shifted to multicore scaling as its principal strategy for continuing performance growth. However, while transistor count increases...
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