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From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: SkyCore's Architecture Takes It to the 'Edge'

"SkyCore," by Mehrdad Moradi, et al., addresses an exciting use case for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in which UAVs can act as mobile base stations for the cellular...

SkyCore
From Communications of the ACM

SkyCore: Moving Core to the Edge for Untethered and Reliable UAV-Based LTE Networks

We argue for and propose an alternate, radical edge evolved packet core design, called SkyCore, that pushes the EPC functionality to the extreme edge of the core...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Deciphering Errors to Reduce the Cost of Quantum Computation

In "Constant Overhead Quantum Fault Tolerance with Quantum Expander Codes," by Omar Fawzi, et al., the authors produce an algorithm that can rapidly deduce the...

Constant Overhead Quantum Fault Tolerance with Quantum Expander Codes
From Communications of the ACM

Constant Overhead Quantum Fault Tolerance with Quantum Expander Codes

In this paper, we study the asymptotic scaling of the space overhead needed for fault-tolerant quantum computation.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Future of Large-Scale Embedded Sensing

The system described in "SATURN: An Introduction to the Internet of Materials" works passively, energized essentially by static electricity generated as layers...

SATURN
From Communications of the ACM

SATURN: An Introduction to the Internet of Materials

We propose an Internet of Materials, where the very materials of objects and surfaces are augmented or manufactured to have computational capabilities.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: XNOR-Networks – Powerful but Tricky

How to produce a convolutional neural net that is small enough to run on a mobile device, and accurate enough to be worth using? The strategies in "Enabling AI...

Enabling AI at the Edge with XNOR-Networks
From Communications of the ACM

Enabling AI at the Edge with XNOR-Networks

We present a novel approach to running state-of-the-art AI algorithms in edge devices, and propose two efficient approximations to standard convolutional neural...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: ASIC Clouds: Specializing the Datacenter

Can we build purpose-built, warehouse-scale datacenters customized for large-scale arrays of ASIC accelerators or, to use a term coined in the paper by Michael...

ASIC Clouds
From Communications of the ACM

ASIC Clouds: Specializing the Datacenter for Planet-Scale Applications

This paper distills lessons from Bitcoin ASIC Clouds and applies them to other large scale workloads, showing superior TCO (total cost of ownership) versus CPU...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Why 'Correct' Computers Can Leak Your Information

"Spectre Attacks: Exploiting Speculative Execution," by Paul Kocher, et al., reviews how speculative execution and caches can be exploited, presents specific exploits...

Spectre Attacks
From Communications of the ACM

Spectre Attacks: Exploiting Speculative Execution

This paper describes practical attacks that combine methodology from side-channel attacks, fault attacks, and return-oriented programming that can read arbitrary...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Fake 'Likes' and Targeting Collusion Networks

"Measuring and Mitigating OAuth Access Token Abuse by Collusion Networks," by Shehroze Farooqi et al., explores a social-networking reputation manipulation ecosystem...

Measuring and Mitigating OAuth Access Token Abuse by Collusion Networks
From Communications of the ACM

Measuring and Mitigating OAuth Access Token Abuse by Collusion Networks

We carried out a comprehensive measurement study to understand how collusion networks exploited popular third-party Facebook applications with weak security settings...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: A Perspective on Pivot Tracing

Instead of handing trace records off to a collector for long-term storage and future processing, the system described in "Pivot Tracing: Dynamic Causal Monitoring...

Pivot Tracing
From Communications of the ACM

Pivot Tracing: Dynamic Causal Monitoring for Distributed Systems

This paper presents Pivot Tracing, a monitoring framework for distributed systems, which addresses the limitations of today's monitoring and diagnosis tools by...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Lighting the Way to Visual Privacy

"Automating Visual Privacy Protection Using a Smart LED," presents a new technique to address the issue of cameras capturing proprietary or private information—it...

Automating Visual Privacy Protection Using a Smart LED
From Communications of the ACM

Automating Visual Privacy Protection Using a Smart LED

We introduce LiShield, which automatically protects a physical scene against photographing, by illuminating it with smart LEDs flickering in specialized waveforms...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Is There a Geek Gene?

"Evidence that Computer Science Grades Are Not Bimodal" uses empirical methods to determine if belief in innate differences may explain why CS teachers see a bimodality...

Evidence That Computer Science Grades Are Not Bimodal
From Communications of the ACM

Evidence That Computer Science Grades Are Not Bimodal

There is a common belief that grades in computer science courses are bimodal. We devised a psychology experiment to understand why CS educators hold this belief...
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