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From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Making Sleep Tracking More User Friendly

"LIBS: A Bioelectrical Sensing System from Human Ears for Staging Whole-Night Sleep Study" provides a nice balance in terms of minimizing the burden on users and...

LIBS
From Communications of the ACM

LIBS: A Bioelectrical Sensing System from Human Ears for Staging Whole-Night Sleep Study

We explore a new form of wearable systems, called LIBS, that can continuously record biosignals such as brain wave, eye movements, and facial muscle contractions...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Backdoor Engineering

"Where Did I Leave My Keys?" by Checkoway et al. reports on the amazing independent reconstruction of a backdoor, discovered in the firmware of a VPN router commonly...

Where Did I Leave My Keys?
From Communications of the ACM

Where Did I Leave My Keys?: Lessons from the Juniper Dual EC Incident

In this paper, we describe the results of a full independent analysis of the ScreenOS randomness and VPN key establishment protocol subsystems, which we carried...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Rewards of Selfish Mining

"Majority Is Not Enough: Bitcoin Mining Is Vulnerable," by Eyal and Sirer, questions the 2009 Bitcoin white paper's implicit assumption of perfect information—that...

Majority Is Not Enough
From Communications of the ACM

Majority Is Not Enough: Bitcoin Mining Is Vulnerable

We propose a practical modification to the Bitcoin protocol that protects Bitcoin in the general case.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: A Graph-Theoretic Framework Traces Task Planning

In "Time-Inconsistent Planning: A Computational Problem in Behavioral Economics," Kleinberg and Oren describe a graph-theoretic framework for task planning with...

Time-Inconsistent Planning
From Communications of the ACM

Time-Inconsistent Planning: A Computational Problem in Behavioral Economics

We propose a graph-theoretic model of tasks and goals, in which dependencies among actions are represented by a directed graph, and a time-inconsistent agent constructs...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Designing Algorithms and the Fairness Criteria They Should Satisfy

"Which Is the Fairest (Rent Division) of Them All?" focuses on the problem of rent division, and stands out in the variety of techniques applied to arrive at a...

Which Is the Fairest (Rent Division) of Them All?
From Communications of the ACM

Which Is the Fairest (Rent Division) of Them All?

What is a fair way to assign rooms to several housemates, and divide the rent between them? We develop a general algorithmic framework that enables the computation...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Can High Performance Be Portable?

"Halide: Decoupling Algorithms from Schedules for High-Performance Image Processing" by Ragan-Kelley et al. on the image processing language Halide explores a substantially...

Halide
From Communications of the ACM

Halide: Decoupling Algorithms from Schedules For High-Performance Image Processing

We propose a new programming language for image processing pipelines, called Halide, that separates the algorithm from its schedule.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Moving Spectrum

The incentive auction scenario provides the backdrop for the breathtaking research contribution presented by Newman et al. in "Deep Optimization for Spectrum Repacking...

Deep Optimization For Spectrum Repacking
From Communications of the ACM

Deep Optimization For Spectrum Repacking

This paper describes the process by which we built the SAT-based Feasibility Checker, a crucial element of the 2016-17 U.S. FCC "incentive auction" design.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Pricing Information (and Its Implications)

"A Theory of Pricing Private Data," by Chao Li, et al., introduces a fascinating and complicated issue that arises on the buy-side of the market when buyers are...

A Theory Of Pricing Private Data
From Communications of the ACM

A Theory Of Pricing Private Data

We describe the foundations of a market in which those seeking access to data must pay for it and individuals are compensated for the loss of privacy they may suffer...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Solving Imperfect Information Games

"Heads-Up Limit Hold'em Poker Is Solved," by Michael Bowling, et al., takes the counterfactual regret minimization method for approximating a Nash equilibrium to...

Heads-Up Limit Hold'em Poker Is Solved
From Communications of the ACM

Heads-Up Limit Hold'em Poker Is Solved

This paper is an extended version of our original 2015 Science article, with additional results showing Cepheus' in-game performance against computer and human...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Shedding New Light on an Old Language Debate

"A Large-Scale Study of Programming Languages and Code Quality in GitHub," by Baishakhi Ray, et al., studies whether programming language choice and code quality...

A Large-Scale Study of Programming Languages and Code Quality in Github
From Communications of the ACM

A Large-Scale Study of Programming Languages and Code Quality in Github

What is the effect of programming languages on software quality? In this study, we gather a very large data set from GitHub in an attempt to shed some empirical...
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