"Bringing the Web Up to Speed with WebAssembly," by Rossberg et al., gives an overview of the initial design of WebAssembly, a new low-level programming language...Anders Møller From Communications of the ACM | December 2018
WebAssembly is the first mainstream language designed from the start with a formal semantics. It not only demonstrates the feasibility of applying formal techniques...Andreas Rossberg, Ben L. Titzer, Andreas Haas, Derek L. Schuff, Dan Gohman, Luke Wagner, Alon Zakai, J. F. Bastien, Michael Holman From Communications of the ACM | December 2018
In "How to Implement Any Concurrent Data Structure," Calciu et al. show that a concurrent data structure can be built automatically and that its performance is...Tim Harris From Communications of the ACM | December 2018
We propose a method called Node Replication (NR) to implement any concurrent data structure.
Irina Calciu, Siddhartha Sen, Mahesh Balakrishnan, Marcos K. Aguilera From Communications of the ACM | December 2018
"LIBS: A Bioelectrical Sensing System from Human Ears for Staging Whole-Night Sleep Study" provides a nice balance in terms of minimizing the burden on users and...Tanzeem Choudhury From Communications of the ACM | November 2018
We explore a new form of wearable systems, called LIBS, that can continuously record biosignals such as brain wave, eye movements, and facial muscle contractions...Anh Nguyen, Raghda Alqurashi, Zohreh Raghebi, Farnoush Banaei-Kashani, Ann C. Halbower, Tam Vu From Communications of the ACM | November 2018
"Where Did I Leave My Keys?" by Checkoway et al. reports on the amazing independent reconstruction of a backdoor, discovered in the firmware of a VPN router commonly...Markus G. Kuhn From Communications of the ACM | November 2018
In this paper, we describe the results of a full independent analysis of the ScreenOS randomness and VPN key establishment protocol subsystems, which we carried...Stephen Checkoway, Jacob Maskiewicz, Christina Garman, Joshua Fried, Shaanan Cohney, Matthew Green, Nadia Heninger, Ralf-Philipp Weinmann, Eric Rescorla, Hovav Shacham From Communications of the ACM | November 2018
"Enabling Highly Scalable Remote Memory Access Programming with MPI-3 One Sided" convincingly shows that the potential of MPI one-sided communication can be realized...Marc Snir From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
In this work, we design and develop bufferless protocols that demonstrate how to implement the MPI-3 RMA interface and support scaling to millions of cores.
Robert Gerstenberger, Maciej Besta, Torsten Hoefler From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
"Fundamental Concepts of Reactive Control for Autonomous Drones" introduces the notion of "reactive control" in which an autopilot's control logic is run only intermittently...John Baillieul From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
We conceive a notion of reactive control that allows drones to execute the low-level control logic only upon recognizing the need to, based on the influence of...Luca Mottola, Kamin Whitehouse From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
"Emotion Recognition Using Wireless Signals" shows that not only can the heartrate be counted with accuracy comparable to ECG devices, but the variabilities of...Romit Roy Choudhury From Communications of the ACM | September 2018
This paper demonstrates a new technology that can infer a person's emotions from RF signals reflected off his body.
Mingmin Zhao, Fadel Adib, Dina Katabi From Communications of the ACM | September 2018
"Accelerating GPU Betweenness Centrality" by McLaughlin and Bader ably addresses the challenges to authors of efficient graph implementations in the important context...John D. Owens From Communications of the ACM | August 2018
We present a hybrid GPU implementation that provides good performance on graphs of arbitrary structure rather than just scale-free graphs as was done previously...Adam McLaughlin, David A. Bader From Communications of the ACM | August 2018
"Majority Is Not Enough: Bitcoin Mining Is Vulnerable," by Eyal and Sirer, questions the 2009 Bitcoin white paper's implicit assumption of perfect information—that...Sharon Goldberg, Ethan Heilman From Communications of the ACM | July 2018
In "Coz: Finding Code that Counts with Causal Profiling," Curtsinger and Berger describe causal profiling, which tell programmers exactly how much speed-up bang...Landon P. Cox From Communications of the ACM | June 2018
This paper introduces causal profiling. Unlike past profiling approaches, causal profiling indicates exactly where programmers should focus their optimization efforts...Charlie Curtsinger, Emery D. Berger From Communications of the ACM | June 2018