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Communications of the ACM

Research Archive


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The Research archive provides access to all Research articles published in past issues of Communications of the ACM.

October 2013


From Communications of the ACM

Formal Verification of Phase-Locked Loops Using Reachability Analysis and Continuization

Formal Verification of Phase-Locked Loops Using Reachability Analysis and Continuization

We present a scalable and formal technique to verify locking time and stability for charge-pump phase-locked loops (PLLs).


From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Can We Verify Cyber-Physical Systems?

Developing effective symbolic verification technology for mixed discrete-analog models has proved to be a challenging problem. The following paper by Althoff et al. reports a major milestone in this quest.