The system described in "SATURN: An Introduction to the Internet of Materials" works passively, energized essentially by static electricity generated as layers...Joseph A. Paradiso From Communications of the ACM | December 2020
We propose an Internet of Materials, where the very materials of objects and surfaces are augmented or manufactured to have computational capabilities.
Nivedita Arora, Thad Starner, Gregory D. Abowd From Communications of the ACM | December 2020
There are few algorithms for multi-flow graphs beyond flow accumulation. The authors of "Flood-Risk Analysis on Terrains" take a big step to fill this knowledge...Shashi Shekhar From Communications of the ACM | September 2020
In this paper, we study a number of flood-risk related problems, give an overview of efficient algorithms for them, as well as explore the efficacy and efficiency...Aaron Lowe, Pankaj K. Agarwal, Mathias Rav From Communications of the ACM | September 2020
"Computing Value of Spatiotemporal Information," by Heba Aly et al., describes a technique for computing the monetary value of a person's location data for a potential...Cyrus Shahabi From Communications of the ACM | September 2020
We investigate the intrinsic value of location data in the context of strong privacy, where location information is only available from end users via purchase. ...Heba Aly, John Krumm, Gireeja Ranade, Eric Horvitz From Communications of the ACM | September 2020
"Automating Visual Privacy Protection Using a Smart LED," presents a new technique to address the issue of cameras capturing proprietary or private information—it...Marco Gruteser From Communications of the ACM | February 2020
We introduce LiShield, which automatically protects a physical scene against photographing, by illuminating it with smart LEDs flickering in specialized waveforms...Shilin Zhu, Chi Zhang, Xinyu Zhang From Communications of the ACM | February 2020
The authors of "OpenFab" propose to revisit the processing pipeline that turns a 3D model into machine instructions in light of the solutions developed in computer...Sylvain Lefebvre From Communications of the ACM | September 2019
We present OpenFab, a programmable pipeline for synthesis of multimaterial 3D printed objects that is inspired by RenderMan and modern GPU pipelines.
Kiril Vidimče, Szu-Po Wang, Jonathan Ragan-Kelley, Wojciech Matusik From Communications of the ACM | September 2019
"Scalable Computation of High-Order Optimization Queries," by Brucato et al., makes a case for marrying the well-established paradigms of constrained optimization...Surajit Chaudhuri From Communications of the ACM | February 2019
We present a complete system that supports package queries, a new query model that extends traditional database queries to handle complex constraints and preferences...Matteo Brucato, Azza Abouzied, Alexandra Meliou From Communications of the ACM | February 2019
"LIBS: A Bioelectrical Sensing System from Human Ears for Staging Whole-Night Sleep Study" provides a nice balance in terms of minimizing the burden on users and...Tanzeem Choudhury From Communications of the ACM | November 2018
We explore a new form of wearable systems, called LIBS, that can continuously record biosignals such as brain wave, eye movements, and facial muscle contractions...Anh Nguyen, Raghda Alqurashi, Zohreh Raghebi, Farnoush Banaei-Kashani, Ann C. Halbower, Tam Vu From Communications of the ACM | November 2018
"Fundamental Concepts of Reactive Control for Autonomous Drones" introduces the notion of "reactive control" in which an autopilot's control logic is run only intermittently...John Baillieul From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
We conceive a notion of reactive control that allows drones to execute the low-level control logic only upon recognizing the need to, based on the influence of...Luca Mottola, Kamin Whitehouse From Communications of the ACM | October 2018
"Emotion Recognition Using Wireless Signals" shows that not only can the heartrate be counted with accuracy comparable to ECG devices, but the variabilities of...Romit Roy Choudhury From Communications of the ACM | September 2018
This paper demonstrates a new technology that can infer a person's emotions from RF signals reflected off his body.
Mingmin Zhao, Fadel Adib, Dina Katabi From Communications of the ACM | September 2018
"Majority Is Not Enough: Bitcoin Mining Is Vulnerable," by Eyal and Sirer, questions the 2009 Bitcoin white paper's implicit assumption of perfect information—that...Sharon Goldberg, Ethan Heilman From Communications of the ACM | July 2018