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From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Taming the Name Game

In "Learning to Name Objects," the authors offer a method to determine a basic-level category name for an object in an image.

Learning to Name Objects
From Communications of the ACM

Learning to Name Objects

This paper looks at the problem of predicting category labels that mimic how human observers would name objects.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: High-Performance Virtualization: Are We Done?

"Bare-Metal Performance for Virtual Machines with Exitless Interrupts" shows how to enable a virtual machine to attain "bare metal" performance from high-speed...

Bare-Metal Performance For Virtual Machines with Exitless Interrupts
From Communications of the ACM

Bare-Metal Performance For Virtual Machines with Exitless Interrupts

We present ExitLess Interrupts (ELI), a software-only approach for handling interrupts within guest virtual machines directly and securely.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Treating Networks Like Programs

"Software Dataplane Verification" takes existing static checking of networks to a new level by checking the real code in the forwarding path of a Click router using...

Software Dataplane Verification
From Communications of the ACM

Software Dataplane Verification

We present the result of working iteratively on two tasks: designing a domain-specific verification tool for packet-processing software, while trying to identify...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Specialization Trend in Computer Hardware

Specialization improves energy-efficiency in computing but only makes economic sense if there is significant demand. A balance can often be found by designing...

Convolution Engine
From Communications of the ACM

Convolution Engine: Balancing Efficiency and Flexibility in Specialized Computing

We present the Convolution Engine (CE) — a programmable processor specialized for the convolution-like data-flow prevalent in computational photography, computer...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Big Data Needs Approximate Computing

"Neural Acceleration for General-Purpose Approximate Programs" demonstrates the significant advantages in cost, power, and latency through approximate computing...

Neural Acceleration For General-Purpose Approximate Programs
From Communications of the ACM

Neural Acceleration For General-Purpose Approximate Programs

This paper describes a new approach that uses machine learning-based transformations to accelerate approximation-tolerant programs.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Rethinking Caches For Throughput Processors

As GPUs have become mainstream parallel processing engines, many applications targeting GPUs now have data locality more amenable to traditional caching. The...

Learning Your Limit
From Communications of the ACM

Learning Your Limit: Managing Massively Multithreaded Caches Through Scheduling

This paper studies the effect of accelerating highly parallel workloads with significant locality on a massively multithreaded GPU.

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Attacking a Problem from the Middle

"Dissection: A New Paradigm for Solving Bicomposite Search Problems," by Itai Dinur, Orr Dunkelman, Nathan Keller, and Adi Shamir, presents an elegant new algorithm...

Dissection
From Communications of the ACM

Dissection: A New Paradigm For Solving Bicomposite Search Problems

In this paper, we introduce the new notion of bicomposite search problems, and show that they can be solved with improved combinations of time and space complexities...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Power of Joint Multiuser Beamforming

Having multiple Wi-Fi Access Points with an overlapping coverage area operating on the same frequency may not be a problem anymore.

JMB
From Communications of the ACM

JMB: Scaling Wireless Capacity with User Demands

JMB, a joint multiuser beamforming system, enables independent access points (APs) to beamform their signals and communicate with their clients on the same channel...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Interplay of Neuroscience and Cryptography

An ideal scheme for password storage would enable a password with more than 20 bits of randomness to be input and output from the brain of a human being who is...

Neuroscience Meets Cryptography
From Communications of the ACM

Neuroscience Meets Cryptography: Crypto Primitives Secure Against Rubber Hose Attacks

We present a defense against coercion attacks using the concept of implicit learning from cognitive psychology. We use a carefully crafted computer game to allow...

From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Silicon Stress

Moore's Law has been the mainstay of semiconductor electronics since the invention of the transistor and its application to the integrated circuit. Implicit in...

TSV Stress-Aware Full-Chip Mechanical Reliability Analysis and Optimization For 3D IC
From Communications of the ACM

TSV Stress-Aware Full-Chip Mechanical Reliability Analysis and Optimization For 3D IC

Three-dimensional integrated circuit (3D IC) with through-silicon-via (TSV) is believed to offer new levels of efficiency, power, performance, and form-factor advantages...
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