"Scribe," by Walter S. Lasecki, et al., is one of the first in a recent set of crowdsourcing papers that demonstrated how human workers can collaborate with computing...Ed H. Chi From Communications of the ACM | September 2017
We discuss how our Scribe system combines human labor and machine intelligence in real time to reliably convert speech to text with less than 4s latency.
Walter S. Lasecki, Christopher D. Miller, Iftekhar Naim, Raja Kushalnagar, Adam Sadilek, Daniel Gildea, Jeffrey P. Bigham From Communications of the ACM | September 2017
We are in the middle of the third wave of interest in artificial neural networks as the leading paradigm for machine learning. "ImageNet Classification with Deep...Jitendra Malik From Communications of the ACM | June 2017
In the 1980s backpropagation did not live up to the very high expectations of its advocates. Twenty years later, we know what went wrong: for deep neural networks...Alex Krizhevsky, Ilya Sutskever, Geoffrey E. Hinton From Communications of the ACM | June 2017
"Exploiting Vector Instructions with Generalized Stream Fusion" points out that stream fusion by itself is not well suited for generating bulk instructions such...Guy Blelloch From Communications of the ACM | May 2017
Programmers should not have to sacrifice code clarity or good software engineering practices to obtain performance. This work shows how to attain this goal for...Geoffrey Mainland, Roman Leshchinskiy, Simon Peyton Jones From Communications of the ACM | May 2017
What is the most drastic way to reduce the cost of communication for parallel data processing algorithms? This is the question studied in "Reasoning on Data Partitioning...Leonid Libkin From Communications of the ACM | March 2017
We introduce a framework for reasoning about data partitioning to detect when we can avoid the data reshuffling step.
Tom J. Ameloot, Gaetano Geck, Bas Ketsman, Frank Neven, Thomas Schwentick From Communications of the ACM | March 2017
We propose a new biometric based on the human body's response to an electric square pulse signal, called pulse-response.
Ivan Martinovic, Kasper Rasmussen, Marc Roeschlin, Gene Tsudik From Communications of the ACM | February 2017
"HACC: Extreme Scaling and Performance Across Diverse Architectures" describes the Hardware/Hybrid Accelerated Cosmology Code (HACC) framework, which uses a novel...Valentina Salapura From Communications of the ACM | January 2017
In this Research Highlight, we demonstrate the success of HACC on two very different machines, the CPU/GPU system Titan and the BG/Q systems Sequoia and Mira, attaining...Salman Habib, Vitali Morozov, Nicholas Frontiere, Hal Finkel, Adrian Pope, Katrin Heitmann, Kalyan Kumaran, Venkatram Vishwanath, Tom Peterka, Joe Insley, David Daniel, Patricia Fasel, Zarija Lukić From Communications of the ACM | January 2017
As "Jupiter Rising" makes clear, many of the Internet mechanisms for maintaining large-scale networks are suboptimal when the datacenter is largely homogeneous,...Andrew W. Moore From Communications of the ACM | September 2016
We present our approach for overcoming the cost, operational complexity, and limited scale endemic to datacenter networks a decade ago.Arjun Singh, Joon Ong, Amit Agarwal, Glen Anderson, Ashby Armistead, Roy Bannon, Seb Boving, Gaurav Desai, Bob Felderman, Paulie Germano, Anand Kanagala, Hong Liu, Jeff Provost, Jason Simmons, Eiichi Tanda, Jim Wanderer, Urs Hölzle, Stephen Stuart, Amin Vahdat From Communications of the ACM | September 2016
Producing reports at the scale of Google Ads, where billions of clicks happen per day, is the challenge addressed by the Mesa system described in "Mesa: A Geo-Replicated...Sam Madden From Communications of the ACM | July 2016
Mesa is a highly scalable analytic data warehousing system that stores critical measurement data related to Google's Internet advertising business. This paper presents...Ashish Gupta, Fan Yang, Jason Govig, Adam Kirsch, Kelvin Chan, Kevin Lai, Shuo Wu, Sandeep Dhoot, Abhilash Rajesh Kumar, Ankur Agiwal, Sanjay Bhansali, Mingsheng Hong, Jamie Cameron, Masood Siddiqi, David Jones, Jeff Shute, Andrey Gubarev, Shivakumar Venkataraman, Divyakant Agrawal From Communications of the ACM | July 2016
"A Fistful of Bitcoins" examines, in the context of Bitcoin, what we could learn by studying the patterns encoded in a complete record of every single financial...Emin GÜn Sirer From Communications of the ACM | April 2016
Bitcoin has the unintuitive property that while the ownership of money is implicitly anonymous, its flow is globally visible. In this paper we explore this unique...Sarah Meiklejohn, Marjori Pomarole, Grant Jordan, Kirill Levchenko, Damon McCoy, Geoffrey M. Voelker, Stefan Savage From Communications of the ACM | April 2016
"Secure Multiparty Computations on Bitcoin" introduces an exciting new idea for how to provide fairness: leverage Bitcoin’s existing infrastructure for distributed...David Wagner From Communications of the ACM | April 2016
In this work, we propose to use Bitcoin to design fully decentralized protocols that are secure even if no trusted third party is available.Marcin Andrychowicz, Stefan Dziembowski, Daniel Malinowski, Łukasz Mazurek From Communications of the ACM | April 2016