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Technical Perspective: Computation Where the (inter)Action Is
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Computation Where the (inter)Action Is

"SoundWatch," by Dhruv Jain et al., provides an example of HCI research's vital role in designing architectures that trade off different computational capabilities...

SoundWatch
From Communications of the ACM

SoundWatch: Deep Learning for Sound Accessibility on Smartwatches

We present SoundWatch, a smartwatch-based deep learning application to sense, classify, and provide feedback about sounds occurring in the environment.

Technical Perspective: The Compression Power of the BWT
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: The Compression Power of the BWT

"Resolution of the Burrows-Wheeler Transform Conjecture," by Dominik Kempa and Tomasz Kociumaka, finally settles the question of how well r in the BWT captures...

Resolution of the Burrows-Wheeler Transform Conjecture
From Communications of the ACM

Resolution of the Burrows-Wheeler Transform Conjecture

In this paper, we show that r = (z log2 n) holds for every text. This result has numerous implications for text indexing and data compression.

Technical Perspective: Balancing At All Loads
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Balancing At All Loads

"Rateless Codes for Near-Perfect Load Balancing in Distributed Matrix-Vector Multiplication" addresses the problem of selecting code rates to optimize system performance...

Rateless Codes for Near-Perfect Load Balancing in Distributed Matrix-Vector Multiplication
From Communications of the ACM

Rateless Codes for Near-Perfect Load Balancing in Distributed Matrix-Vector Multiplication

We propose a rateless fountain coding strategy and prove that its latency is asymptotically equal to ideal load balancing, and it performs asymptotically zero redundant...

Technical Perspective: 'What Is the Ideal Operating System?'
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: 'What Is the Ideal Operating System?'

The authors of "Set the Configuration for the Heart of the OS" put a fresh view on the practicability of automatic kernel debloating.

Set the Configuration for the Heart of the OS
From Communications of the ACM

Set the Configuration for the Heart of the OS: On the Practicality of Operating System Kernel Debloating

This paper presents a study on the practicality of operating system kernel debloating, that is, reducing kernel code that is not needed by the target applications...

Technical Perspective: Leveraging Social Context for Fake News Detection
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Leveraging Social Context for Fake News Detection

In "FANG," the authors focus on a strategy of automatically detecting disinformation campaigns on online media with a new graph-based, contextual technique for...

FANG
From Communications of the ACM

FANG: Leveraging Social Context for Fake News Detection Using Graph Representation

We propose Factual News Graph (FANG), a novel graphical social context representation and learning framework for fake news detection.

Technical Perspective: Exploring Cognitive Bias 'In the Wild'
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Exploring Cognitive Bias 'In the Wild'

The authors of "Cognitive Biases in Software Development" rightly highlight the need for situated studies that examine cognitive bias 'in the wild' during software...

Cognitive Biases in Software Development
From Communications of the ACM

Cognitive Biases in Software Development

We conducted a two-part field study to examine the extent to which cognitive biases occur, the consequences of these biases on developer behavior, and the practices...

Technical Perspective: How Do Experts Learn New Programming Languages?
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: How Do Experts Learn New Programming Languages?

"Here We Go Again: Why Is It Difficult for Developers to Learn Another Programming Language?" by Shrestha et al. provides insight into the difficulty of learning...

Here We Go Again
From Communications of the ACM

Here We Go Again: Why Is It Difficult for Developers to Learn Another Programming Language?

Our findings demonstrate that interference is a widespread phenomenon, forcing programmers to adopt suboptimal, opportunistic learning strategies.

Technical Perspective: Applying Design-Space Exploration to Quantum Architectures
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Applying Design-Space Exploration to Quantum Architectures

"Toward Systematic Architectural Design of Near-Term Trapped Ion Quantum Computers" presents a study on scaling trapped-ion quantum architectures, and challenges...

Toward Systematic Architectural Design of Near-Term Trapped Ion Quantum Computers
From Communications of the ACM

Toward Systematic Architectural Design of Near-Term Trapped Ion Quantum Computers

Toward realizing QCCD-based trapped ion systems with 50-100 qubits, we perform an extensive application-driven architectural study evaluating the key design choices...

Technical Perspective: Model Structure Takes Guesswork Out of State Estimation
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Model Structure Takes Guesswork Out of State Estimation

"Worst-Case Topological Entropy and Minimal Data Rate for State Estimation of Switched Linear Systems" gives a method for computing the topological entropy of a...

Worst-Case Topological Entropy and Minimal Data Rate for State Estimation of Switched Linear Systems
From Communications of the ACM

Worst-Case Topological Entropy and Minimal Data Rate for State Estimation of Switched Linear Systems

In this paper, we study the problem of estimating the state of a switched linear system when the observation of the system is subject to communication constraints...

Technical Perspective: Personalized Recommendation of PoIs to People with Autism
From Communications of the ACM

Technical Perspective: Personalized Recommendation of PoIs to People with Autism

"Supporting People with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Exploration of PoIs" is an example of work that takes seriously the task of supporting a small group that...

Supporting People with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Exploration of PoIs
From Communications of the ACM

Supporting People with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Exploration of PoIs: An Inclusive Recommender System

We propose a novel Top-N recommendation model that combines information about an autistic user's idiosyncratic aversions with her/his preferences in a personalized...
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