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Interpretability of Artificial Neural Network Models in AI versus Neuroscience
From ACM Opinion

Interpretability of Artificial Neural Network Models in AI versus Neuroscience

Potential synergies and tensions between neuroscientists and AI researchers in interpreting artificial neural networks.

Advancing Ethics Review Practices in AI Research
From ACM Opinion

Advancing Ethics Review Practices in AI Research

Recent initiatives to implement AI ethics review processes, better understand societal impacts, and share learnings have had a positive effect, but more needs to...

Can AI Invent?
From ACM Opinion

Can AI Invent?

Recent patent applications for two inventions that are claimed to have been made by an AI are bringing these questions to the fore.

AI Model Transferability in Healthcare: A Sociotechnical Perspective
From ACM Opinion

AI Model Transferability in Healthcare: A Sociotechnical Perspective

To realize the promised benefits of applying AI and ML models at scale, a roadmap of the challenges and potential solutions to sociotechnical transferability is...

Why Science Needs More Research Software Engineers
From ACM Opinion

Why Science Needs More Research Software Engineers

Ten years after their profession got its name, research software engineers seek to swell their ranks.

Artificial Intelligence Is Breaking Patent Law
From ACM Opinion

Artificial Intelligence Is Breaking Patent Law

Inventions devised by machines require their own intellectual property law and an international treaty.

How Language-Generation AIs Could Transform Science
From ACM Opinion

How Language-Generation AIs Could Transform Science

University of Michigan's Shobita Parthasarathy warns that software designed to summarize, translate, and write like humans might exacerbate distrust in science....

The Perils of Machine Learning in Designing New Chemicals and Materials
From ACM Opinion

The Perils of Machine Learning in Designing New Chemicals and Materials

As ML tools become more broadly available when making new compounds and materials, the possibilities of misuse increase and must be guarded against.

The Rise and Fall (and Rise) of Datasets
From ACM Opinion

The Rise and Fall (and Rise) of Datasets

Retired and redacted datasets flagged as harmful or biased continue to rear their ugly heads

Moving Towards Reproducible Machine Learning
From ACM Opinion

Moving Towards Reproducible Machine Learning

Reporting machine learning-based research can help to improve transparency and reproducibility

But Is the Code (Re)usable?
From ACM Opinion

But Is the Code (Re)usable?

It is crucial to guarantee the reproducibility of reported results, but don't forget to make research artifacts reusable for the scientific community

Governing AI Safety through Independent Audits
From ACM Opinion

Governing AI Safety through Independent Audits

Governance of highly automated systems is critical to garner widespread public trust

AI Pioneer: 'The Dangers of Abuse Are Very Real'
From ACM Opinion

AI Pioneer: 'The Dangers of Abuse Are Very Real'

Yoshua Bengio is one of three computer scientists who last week shared the US$1-million A. M. Turing award—one of the field's top prizes.

Robots on the Run
From ACM Opinion

Robots on the Run

Young animals gallop across fields, climb trees and immediately find their feet with enviable grace after they fall.

How 2D Semiconductors Could Extend Moore's Law
From ACM Opinion

How 2D Semiconductors Could Extend Moore's Law

The number of components in electronic circuits has doubled every two years since the 1960s—a trend known as Moore's law.

Beware of Plausible Predictions of Fantasy Materials
From ACM Opinion

Beware of Plausible Predictions of Fantasy Materials

The hunt is on for materials that have exotic properties, to enhance quantum computers, touch screens and electronic displays, and to double the efficiency of solar...

How to Land a Journal Cover
From ACM Opinion

How to Land a Journal Cover

Researchers: Felice Frankel will make photographers of you all. Photography—both macro- and microscopic—is an essential tool in science, because pictures are both...

Technologies to Watch in 2019
From ACM Opinion

Technologies to Watch in 2019

Seven specialists forecast the developments that will push their fields forward in the year ahead.

Cinematic and Scientific Techniques Combine to Show How a Long-Extinct Creature Moved
From ACM Opinion

Cinematic and Scientific Techniques Combine to Show How a Long-Extinct Creature Moved

The trolls and orcs in The Lord of the Rings films aren't real. The dragons and dire wolves on the hit television show Game of Thrones are simulated. The dinosaurs...

Dreaming of Death Rays: The Search for Laser Weapons
From ACM Opinion

Dreaming of Death Rays: The Search for Laser Weapons

Lasers first emerged nearly 60 years ago, but the idea of using powerful beams of heat or light is hardly new.
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