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Communications of the ACM

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The news archive provides access to past news stories from Communications of the ACM and other sources by date.

November 2016


From ACM News

World's First Photonic Neural Network ­nveiled

World's First Photonic Neural Network ­nveiled

Neural networks are taking the world of computing by storm.


From ACM News

New Ceres Views as Dawn Moves Higher

New Ceres Views as Dawn Moves Higher

The brightest area on Ceres stands out amid shadowy, cratered terrain in a dramatic new view from NASA's Dawn spacecraft, taken as it looked off to the side of the dwarf planet.


From ACM News

Intel Looks to a New Chip to Power the Coming Age of AI

Intel Looks to a New Chip to Power the Coming Age of AI

Microsoft researchers recently built an artificially intelligent system that seems to recognize conversational speech as effectively as a human.


From ACM TechNews

New AI Algorithm Taught By Humans Learns Beyond Its Training

New AI Algorithm Taught By Humans Learns Beyond Its Training

Researchers at the University of Toronto say they have developed an algorithm that can learn directly from human instructions rather than a set of examples.


From ACM TechNews

Automated Pro-Trump Bots Overwhelmed Pro-Clinton Messages, Researchers Say

Automated Pro-Trump Bots Overwhelmed Pro-Clinton Messages, Researchers Say

Researchers from Oxford University found that an automated army of pro-Donald J. Trump chatbots overwhelmed similar programs supporting Hillary Clinton five to one in the last few days of the U.S. presidential campaign.


From ACM TechNews

New Software Continuously Scrambles Code to Foil Cyberattacks

New Software Continuously Scrambles Code to Foil Cyberattacks

Columbia University researchers have developed Shuffler, software that tries to preempt hackers who exploit errors in software code by enabling programs to continuously scramble their code as they run, effectively closing the…


From ACM TechNews

Cow Goes Moo: Artificial Intelligence-Based System Associates Images With Sounds

Cow Goes Moo: Artificial Intelligence-Based System Associates Images With Sounds

Using artificial-intelligence techniques, a new system from Disney Research and ETH Zurich is capable of learning the association between images and the sounds they make.


From ACM TechNews

K-Computer Leads Graph 500 List of World's Fastest Supercomputers

K-Computer Leads Graph 500 List of World's Fastest Supercomputers

Japan's K-Computer tops the latest Graph 500 list of the world's fastest supercomputers.


From ACM TechNews

Stanford's First Health++ Hackathon Brings Health Care Innovators Together

Stanford's First Health++ Hackathon Brings Health Care Innovators Together

Stanford University's inaugural health++ Hackathon involved participation from 257 students, faculty, health professionals, designers, and entrepreneurs to create new technologies and long-lived partnerships. 


From ACM TechNews

Critical Linux Bug Opens Systems to Compromise

Critical Linux Bug Opens Systems to Compromise

Researchers from Spain's Polytechnic University of Valencia have found a flaw that enables attackers to obtain root shell on affected Linux systems. The vulnerability appears only if a user encrypted the system partition when…


From ACM TechNews

Mobile App Behavior Often Appears at Odds With Privacy Policies

Mobile App Behavior Often Appears at Odds With Privacy Policies

Mobile applications' privacy policies often are inconsistent with how an app actually collects and shares users' personal information, according to an automated analysis system developed by Carnegie Mellon University.


From ACM TechNews

Security Researchers Want to Hide Your Data in 'cyberfog'

Security Researchers Want to Hide Your Data in 'cyberfog'

Computer scientists at the U.S. Army Laboratory see "cyberfog" as a powerful new form of data security. They say partially compromised data on a fog network would remain useful to users and opaque to adversaries.


From ACM TechNews

Semiconductor-Free Microelectronics Are Now Possible, Thanks to Metamaterials

Semiconductor-Free Microelectronics Are Now Possible, Thanks to Metamaterials

University of California, San Diego researchers say they have developed the first semiconductor-free, optically controlled microelectronic device built from metamaterials. 


From ACM TechNews

Why the Software Industry Needs Computing Education Research

Why the Software Industry Needs Computing Education Research

Job opportunities for software development abound, but schools are producing coders of less-than-adequate skill, according to University of Washington professor Andrew J. Ko and Purdue University professor Susanne Hambrusch.


From ACM TechNews

Cybercriminals Can Steal All Your Passwords From Thin Air With This $25 Wi-Fi Hack

Cybercriminals Can Steal All Your Passwords From Thin Air With This $25 Wi-Fi Hack

Researchers have developed a system that can analyze Wi-Fi networks and covertly detect and record passwords by looking at the directions radio waves travel to provide wireless Internet coverage.

 


From ACM TechNews

Defibrillator-Equipped Drones Could Be First on Scene in Cardiac Arrest

Defibrillator-Equipped Drones Could Be First on Scene in Cardiac Arrest

Timothy Chan at the University of Toronto in Canada wants to use drone technology to help people who suffer cardiac arrest.

Chan used computer models to determine that strategically placed drones with defibrillators could …


From ACM TechNews

Quantum Computers Can Talk to Each Other via a Photon Translator

Quantum Computers Can Talk to Each Other via a Photon Translator

Researchers from Germany's University of Paderborn have developed a system that can convert photons from one spread of frequencies to another, while preserving their delicate quantum state. 


From ACM TechNews

Mathematical Algorithms Calculate Social Behavior

Mathematical Algorithms Calculate Social Behavior

Predicting and influencing human behavior is well on its way to becoming reality, according to researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TU Munich) in Germany. 


From ACM News

Martha E. Pollack, Provost at Michigan, Named 14th President

Martha E. Pollack, Provost at Michigan, Named 14th President

A fellow of ACM, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, Pollack’s research has been in the area of artificial intelligence.


From ACM News

The 'smart City' Is Increasingly Global

The 'smart City' Is Increasingly Global

Municipalities all over the world are building greater intelligence into their infrastructures.


From ACM TechNews

Tackling Society's Big Problems With Systems Theory

Tackling Society's Big Problems With Systems Theory

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Institute for Data, Systems, and Society doctoral program is underway. 


From ACM TechNews

­niversity Researchers Develop Iris-Recognition Technology

­niversity Researchers Develop Iris-Recognition Technology

Notre Dame University researchers have developed software that can determine the difference between iris scans using a new method. 


From ACM TechNews

Virtual Reality App Makes Haptics as Immersive as Visuals

Virtual Reality App Makes Haptics as Immersive as Visuals

Disney Research has developed a 360-degree virtual reality application and a haptic chair that enable users to enhance their virtual experience with customizable effects.


From ACM TechNews

Online Password Guessing Threat ­nderestimated

Online Password Guessing Threat ­nderestimated

Researchers have created different guessing frameworks that prioritize the order of guessing based on attackers having access to different types of personal information. 


From ACM TechNews

Artificial-Intelligence System Surfs Web to Improve Its Performance

Artificial-Intelligence System Surfs Web to Improve Its Performance

Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers say they have developed a new approach to information extraction that inverts conventional machine learning.  


From ACM TechNews

Real or Not? ­SC Study Finds Many Political Tweets Come From Fake Accounts

Real or Not? ­SC Study Finds Many Political Tweets Come From Fake Accounts

University of Southern California researchers found bots made up nearly 20% of the political conversation on Twitter during the U.S. presidential campaign season.  


From ACM TechNews

Accelerating Cancer Research With Deep Learning

Accelerating Cancer Research With Deep Learning

Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are applying deep-learning techniques to automate how information is collected from cancer pathology reports.  


From ACM TechNews

Now You See It, Now You Don't

Now You See It, Now You Don't

Researchers say they have developed a cloaking device for microscopic photonic integrated devices that will enable photonic computer chips to be more efficient.  


From ACM TechNews

Robovote Helps Groups Make Decisions ­sing AI-Driven Methods

Robovote Helps Groups Make Decisions ­sing AI-Driven Methods

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon and Harvard universities have launched an online service that enables optimal group decisions.  


From ACM News

AI Science Search Engines Expand Their Reach

AI Science Search Engines Expand Their Reach

A free AI-based scholarly search engine that aims to outdo Google Scholar is expanding its corpus of papers to cover some 10 million research articles in computer science and neuroscience, its creators announced on 11 November…