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An edited collection of advanced computing news from Communications of the ACM, ACM TechNews, other ACM resources, and news sites around the Web.


Using AI to Control Digital Manufacturing
From ACM TechNews

Using AI to Control Digital Manufacturing

An international team of researchers taught a machine learning system with computer vision to monitor and control three-dimensional printing in real time.

MIT Engineers Devise Recipe for Improving Any Autonomous Robotic System
From ACM TechNews

MIT Engineers Devise Recipe for Improving Any Autonomous Robotic System

A general-purpose optimizer aims to speed development of autonomous robotic systems by using an optimization code that automatically determines how to boost performance...

Stronger Security for Smart Devices
From ACM TechNews

Stronger Security for Smart Devices

Two new security techniques block power and electromagnetic side-channel attacks targeting analog-to-digital converters in smart devices.

Hallucinating to Better Text Translation
From ACM TechNews

Hallucinating to Better Text Translation

Scientists developed the VALHALLA machine learning method to hallucinate images of written words, and using those to help translate that text into target languages...

Unpacking Black-Box Models
From ACM TechNews

Unpacking Black-Box Models

A mathematical framework aims to quantify and evaluate the understandability of a machine learning model's explanations for its predictions.

Engineers Use AI to Capture Complexity of Breaking Waves
From ACM TechNews

Engineers Use AI to Capture Complexity of Breaking Waves

An international research team lleveraged machine learning to model how waves break, which could help improve the design of offshore structures and climate prediction...

An Easier Way to Teach Robots New Skills
From ACM TechNews

An Easier Way to Teach Robots New Skills

Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have developed a machine learning method that enables robots to acquire new skills using a handful of human examples...

Fighting Discrimination in Mortgage Lending
From ACM TechNews

Fighting Discrimination in Mortgage Lending

To help combat discrimination in mortgage lending, a new process can remove bias from the data used to train machine learning models.

Injecting Fairness into ML Models
From ACM TechNews

Injecting Fairness into ML Models

Researchers have devleoped a method of incorporating fairness into machine learning models, even if they are trained on unfair data.

A Security Technique to Fool Would-Be Cyberattackers
From ACM TechNews

A Security Technique to Fool Would-Be Cyberattackers

A new technique to prevent memory timing side-channel attacks by malware exploits memory hardware common to multiple programs running on the same computer.

AI System Rapidly Predicts How Two Proteins Will Attach
From ACM TechNews

AI System Rapidly Predicts How Two Proteins Will Attach

An artificial intelligence model can forecast the binding configuration of two proteins.

A New Language for Quantum Computing
From ACM News

A New Language for Quantum Computing

Twist is an MIT-developed programming language that can describe and verify which pieces of data are entangled to prevent bugs in a quantum program.

Generating a Realistic 3D World
From ACM TechNews

Generating a Realistic 3D World

Researchers developed the ThreeDWorld platform to simulate high-fidelity audio and visual environments.

Taking Some Guesswork Out of Drug Discovery
From ACM TechNews

Taking Some Guesswork Out of Drug Discovery

The deep learning GeoMol model can rapidly predict the three-dimensional shapes of drug-like molecules, which could expedite drug discovery.

Timber or Steel? Study Helps Builders Reduce Carbon Footprint of Truss Structures
From ACM TechNews

Timber or Steel? Study Helps Builders Reduce Carbon Footprint of Truss Structures

Architects and engineers could design truss structures minimizing embodied carbon by using a new set of computational tools.

AI Sheds Light on How the Brain Processes Language
From ACM TechNews

AI Sheds Light on How the Brain Processes Language

Research by neuroscientists suggests the latest predictive language models' underlying mechanism functions similarly to the human brain's language-processing centers...

Tool for Predicting Pedestrian Flow Expands Its Reach
From ACM TechNews

Tool for Predicting Pedestrian Flow Expands Its Reach

Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have developed and applied a predictive model of pedestrian traffic to Melbourne, Australia.

AI Is Smart, but Does It Play Well with Others?
From ACM TechNews

AI Is Smart, but Does It Play Well with Others?

Researchers explored humans' ability to play a card game with an artificial intelligence model trained to play with teammates never before encountered.

Universal System Decodes Any Type of Data Sent Across a Network
From ACM TechNews

Universal System Decodes Any Type of Data Sent Across a Network

Scientists have programmed a universal algorithm to enable a silicon chip to decode any data transmitted across a network, irrespective of structure.

Study: Crowds Can Wise Up to Fake News
From ACM TechNews

Study: Crowds Can Wise Up to Fake News

Scientists suggest crowdsourced assessments from groups of normal readers can virtually match those of professional fact-checkers in vetting news stories.
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