A study by researchers at North Carolina State University (NC State), Georgetown University, and quantum-computing hardware and software company IonQ yielded a technique for calculating the thermodynamic properties of systems using a quantum computer.
NC State's Lex Kemper and colleagues employed a quantum computer to quantify partition function zeros, rather than the entropy, of a spin model as it was tuned across a phase transition.
Kemper said, "By calculating partition function zeros, we are on the way to solving the problem of scaling to larger numbers of [quantum bits] when trying to calculate free energies and entropies in a given system."
The team calculated this function on both a standard and a trapped ion quantum computer at Norbert Linke's laboratory at the University of Maryland.
Said Kemper, "This is a way to use a quantum computer to get at all the thermodynamic properties of a system without necessitating huge numbers of quantum computations."
From NC State University News
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