Estonia is currently the only country in the world that authorizes online voting for its entire electorate, due to confidence in its Internet voting (i-voting) system.
Thousands of Estonians already have used the system to vote in the European Parliament elections.
The system lets people cast multiple ballots, with only the final vote legitimate, to deter coercion.
Estonia's electoral commission said i-voting boosts security for Estonians outside the country, as well as for voters located more than 30 minutes from polling stations.
I-voting system designer Arne Ansper said the system confirms a voter's identify via digital signature, which is then deleted from the ballot, leaving an encrypted internal envelope to ensure vote secrecy; this is decrypted at the end of the election.
Voters can verify their vote has been counted correctly, and a third-party system produces logs that are compared to the ballot-box results to flag any discrepancies.
From Associated Press
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