Tiobe ranks the R programming language as the 21st most popular in its monthly index for May, marking the first time in three years the language sits outside the top 20.
Tiobe suggests R is not benefiting as much as Python from the boom in data science and machine learning.
Python is considered a more general language than R, which was designed specifically for large datasets and statistical analysis.
However, multiple language indexes have shown a decline in R's popularity, despite growth in machine learning.
Python's growth and R's decline also could be attributed to the increase in high-quality Python libraries for statistics and machine learning, making it a more attractive starting point for new developers.
Tiobe also speculates this trend could be linked to the fact that "statistical programming is finding its way from university to industry nowadays and Python is more accepted by the industry."
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