The Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) has achieved a first in human space exploration, placing its Chang'e-4 lander and rover on the far side of the Moon using a downward-looking camera and hazard avoidance software to steer itself to a flat and sufficiently boulder-free landing spot.
This is an impressive technological feat given that any spacecraft on the lunar far side cannot "see" the Earth, and therefore can neither send nor receive a radio signal from its control center on Earth.
To address that problem, CNSA placed a relay satellite in a "halo orbit" around a point in space where it can see both the lunar far side and the Earth above the lunar horizon.
The solar-powered six-wheeled rover aboard the spacecraft is equipped with ground-penetrating radar, an imaging spectrometer, and an instrument to observe how the solar wind interacts with the Moon's surface.
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