Experts from the ACM U.S. Technology Policy Committee, Common Cause Education Fund, the National Election Defense Coalition, and the R Street Institute call online ballots a key weakness in the securing of U.S. election systems, and estimate that at least 100,000 Americans cast online ballots in the 2016 election.
A study released today by those groups found 32 states permit some subgroup of residents to return ballots by email, fax, or an Internet portal, while Alaska and Hawaii offer electronic ballot return for all voters.
The report lists online voting's cybersecurity challenges, including the hackability of emailed or faxed ballots at multiple points en route from the voter to the election office.
The study's authors advise states to dramatically curtail online voting before the 2020 election, while state and local election administrators should ensure segregation of systems that accept online ballots from other election systems and their operation on different Wi-Fi networks.
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