The U.S. National Science Foundation's Science and Engineering Indicators 2018 report found the U.S. still leads in science and engineering worldwide, although China is advancing. "The 2018 report . . . provides insights into how science and engineering research and development are tied to economic and workforce development, as well as [science, technology, engineering, and math] education, in the U.S. and abroad," says NSF director France Córdova.
The report cited a decline in the number of international students seeking graduate degrees in the U.S., with the largest drops experienced in graduate-level computer science and engineering.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics forecasts the number of programmer positions will contract by 8 percent over the 2014-2024 timeframe, while computer and mathematical scientists positions will increase 14.9 percent. Meanwhile, expertise in parallel programming is likely to remain highly valued in the high-performance computing space for some time.
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