With technology rapidly evolving, governments are taking a closer look at artificial intelligence (AI) as a way to further their strategic interests in areas such as national defense, which in turn raises ethical questions over issues such as AI's ability to misshape reality and the role of human decision-makers.
"We have had this fundamental truth for all history that if you can see it or you can hear it, it is fact," says Booz Allen Hamilton's Steve Mills. "AI can take that away from us."
Meanwhile, Katherine Charlet with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace notes machine learning can enable less sophisticated hackers to orchestrate more refined cyberattacks.
Experts think addressing AI's negative national defense implications requires understanding the boundaries and responsibilities humans have when contending with machines.
"The challenge is to make sure that [the responsible] person or organization is actually able to control and influence what might go wrong," says Princeton University professor Edward Felten.
From U.S. News & World Report
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