Although China's progress in quantum computing is on par with other economic powers pursuing the same vision, local organizations' research expertise lags behind that of their western peers. Andrew Chi-Chih Yao, a professor at Tsinghua University's Institute for Interdisciplinary Information Sciences in China who received the 2000 ACM A.M. Turing Award, says China could potentially take a global innovative lead, a vital move if the country wants to sustain its economic growth.
However, Yao also notes the Chinese market is missing scale and depth in corporate research. He says China's quantum computing projects are still mostly driven by the public sector, possibly because Chinese companies lack the kind of funding their western counterparts have for research and development.
In addition, larger U.S. companies have compiled years of experience in fostering research talent, and they also might have stronger research capabilities than research professionals. Consequently, these organizations are better positioned to be forward thinking and identify technology drivers 20 years ahead, committing their research teams to develop capabilities in these fields.
Yao says Chinese companies may lack access to the right research talent and be unable to follow through on initiatives for the future. Nevertheless, he says quantum computing will play a vital role in improving lives in the future.
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