Artificial intelligence (AI) programs did not fare well in convincing judges at the 2011 Loebner prize competition that they were people. The contest is based on the most famous benchmark of machine intelligence, the test conceived by Alan Turing as he reflected on the possibilities of a thinking machine.
The new year marks the centenary of Turing's birth, and there likely will be more competitions in his honor. However, some experts say the Turning test may not be the best gauge for today's AI programs. The test may be too difficult because it requires a program to capture the nuances of human speech. Linguistic smarts also is a narrow focus now that AI bots are influencing the stock market, landing planes, and may soon start driving cars.
One alternative is to use a suite of mini Turing tests, each designed to evaluate machine intelligence in a specific area, such as a new visual test to gauge the ability to understand the spatial relationships between objects in an image against that of a human. Some observers want to use a universal, mathematical definition of intelligence to prevent human bias in testing.
From New Scientist
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Abstracts Copyright © 2011 Information Inc. , Bethesda, Maryland, USA
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