Sign In

Communications of the ACM

Europe Region special section: Hot topics

Internet of Production: Entering Phase Two of Industry 4.0

stylized map of Europe, illustration

Credit: Getty Images

Making a high-quality gear cannot be learned simply from an Internet search. You may find guidelines, papers, rules, lectures, and videos. However, applying this general knowledge to a specific production process and dealing with uncertainties and disruptions requires special know-how, most of which resides in people's heads and networks and is acquired to a large extent through "learning by doing."

Over 10 years ago, the vision of Industry 4.05 was announced at the Hannover Fair 2011 as part of the German/European High-Tech Strategy and adopted internationally by the Japanese Industrial Value Chain Initiative, the Advanced Manufacturing Initiative in the U.S., the Chinese Made in China 2025 strategy, the South Korean Manufacturing 3.0, and the U.K.'s High-Value Manufacturing Catapult research center. This "fourth industrial revolution" follows the earlier stages of mechanization (steam engine), mass production (assembly lines), and IT-based electronic automation. Core elements of Industry 4.0 include a reference architecture (RAMI 4.0) for networking increasingly autonomous IoT devices, and cyber-physical production systems (CPPS) where simulations ("Digital Twins") help monitor, predict, and control physical production systems. Moreover, personalized and context-specific "assistants" and related organization forms should enable "new work" settings.


No entries found

Log in to Read the Full Article

Sign In

Sign in using your ACM Web Account username and password to access premium content if you are an ACM member, Communications subscriber or Digital Library subscriber.

Need Access?

Please select one of the options below for access to premium content and features.

Create a Web Account

If you are already an ACM member, Communications subscriber, or Digital Library subscriber, please set up a web account to access premium content on this site.

Join the ACM

Become a member to take full advantage of ACM's outstanding computing information resources, networking opportunities, and other benefits.

Subscribe to Communications of the ACM Magazine

Get full access to 50+ years of CACM content and receive the print version of the magazine monthly.

Purchase the Article

Non-members can purchase this article or a copy of the magazine in which it appears.
Sign In for Full Access
» Forgot Password? » Create an ACM Web Account