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East Asia and Oceania Region special section: Big trends

Developing AI for Law Enforcement in Singapore and Australia

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NTU SPIRIT Smart Nation Research Centre, together with the Singapore Judiciary, has successfully developed an Intelligent Case Retrieval System (ICRS) using AI capabilities. ICRS enables efficient retrieval of relevant precedent cases through the use of continuously adaptive AI/data analytics approaches. The use of such tools can help the legal profession to understand case details and perform legal research by trawling through the case repositories at a faster and more accurate rate to obtain the most relevant case precedents and identify possible outcomes in different areas of law.

The value of ICRS is to better enable all parties to evaluate the strengths or weaknesses of their cases. With better quality legal submissions, judges too are assisted in their decision-making processes, thus elevating the quality of judgments delivered. The ultimate aim is to fortify the domestic confidence in our courts and boost Singapore's international reputation as a leading Judiciary in the region and the world.

In Australia, Monash University and the Australian Federal Police have joined forces, exploring the use of AI for fighting crime and protecting the vulnerable. They have launched a joint research lab known as AI for Law Enforcement and Community Safety (AiLECS). The lab grew out of previous work into the automated classification of online child exploitation material. The abhorrent material encountered by investigating police reflects the terrible harm endured by victims, while viewing it inflicts psychological damage on investigators. The lab is improving the techniques to classify this and other distressing material using AI, while also undertaking research into the ethics and explanations of such technologies in law enforcement.

The Singapore and Australian research teams have hosted a series of joint dialogues exploring opportunities for collaboration in further developing AI technologies for law enforcement agencies and the judiciary.

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Lam Kwok Yan is a professor and the director of Smart Platform Infrastructure Research on Integrative Technology, and director of Strategic Centre for Research in Privacy-Preserving Technologies and Systems, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Campbell Wilson is Associate Dean (International) and co-director of the Monash University/Australian Federal Police AiLECS Lab, Monash University, Australia.

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