A few years ago, in the pages of this magazine, Edward Lee argued that computing needs time.23 This article focuses on the natural assumption that computing also takes time. We examine the problem of determining how much time. It is the problem of verifying the real-time behavior of safety-critical embedded systems. For such systems, for example, anti-lock brakes and airbags, punctual behavior is of utmost importance: If the controlling computations take too long, quality of service degrades or the systems fail completelyyour braking distance is longer or your head hits the steering wheel, respectively.
The basis for verifying the timeliness of system reactions is reliable information on the execution times of all computational tasks involved. It is the job of timing analysis, also called worst-case execution-time (WCET) analysis, to determine such information.
No entries found
Log in to Read the Full Article
Sign in using your ACM Web Account username and password to access premium content if you are an ACM member, Communications subscriber or Digital Library subscriber.
Please select one of the options below for access to premium content and features.
Create a Web Account
If you are already an ACM member, Communications subscriber, or Digital Library subscriber, please set up a web account to access premium content on this site.
Join the ACM
Become a member to take full advantage of ACM's outstanding computing information resources, networking opportunities, and other benefits.
Subscribe to Communications of the ACM Magazine
Get full access to 50+ years of CACM content and receive the print version of the magazine monthly.
Purchase the Article
Non-members can purchase this article or a copy of the magazine in which it appears.