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Communications of the ACM

Table of Contents


Wide-area collaboration

Since my temperament draws me to groupware, I have read about and taught it, and tried many groupware programs. This has been interesting, but the only groupware that has really affected my work is electronic mail on wide-area …

Computing in a less-developed country

Almost all of the nations of Latin America are so-called less-developed countries (LDCs). But unlike many such countries elsewhere, quite a few have recently attempted to install more democratic, or at least less authoritarian …

CSCW

Collaboration is a sign of maturation. A child is nurtured at home before venturing into the world. An idea is first developed then introduced to a larger community. We work on a software module in isolation before integrating …

Toward an open shared workspace: computer and video fusion approach of TeamWorkStation

Groupware is intended to create a shared workspace that supports dynamic collaboration in a work group over space and time constraints. To gain the collective benefits of groupware use, the groupware must be accepted by a majority …

Putting innovation to work: adoption strategies for multimedia communication systems

Multimedia communication systems promise better support for widely distributed workgroups. Their benefits for complex communication—problem-solving, negotiating, planning, and design —seem obvious, introducing appealing new technologies …

Designing for cooperation: cooperating in design

This article will discuss how to design computer applications that enhance the quality of work and products, and will relate the discussion to current themes in the field of Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). Cooperation …

Electronic social fields in bureaucracies

Advanced computer tools designed to facilitate collaboration in a common task or across functions have had a remarkably disappointing record of diffusion and adoption [16]. Technologies that are unresponsive to users needs will …

Cooperation, coordination and control in computer-supported work


Update on National Science Foundation funding of the “Collaboratory”

NSF-funded collaboratories are experimental and empirical research environments in which domain scientist work with computer, communications, behavioral and social scientists to design systems, participate in collaborative science …

Collaborative computing: collaboration first, computing second

These articles on Collaborative Computing will seem out of place to a number of readers from the computer science community. Interesting articles perhaps, but what do they have to do with computers? Where is the science—that …

Technical correspondence

The column, “Benchmarks for LAN Performance Evaluation,” by Larry Press (Aug. 1988, pp. 1014-1017) presented a technique for quickly benchmarking the performance of LANs in an office environment. This piqued our interest since …

Collaborative efforts

This issue of Communications focuses on social and organizational influences governing collaborative uses of computers and communications. Here we review some of those influences from the perspectives of the risks involved.