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Communications of the ACM

151 - 160 of 3,299 for bentley

Why Johnny Can't Unsubscribe: Barriers to Stopping Unwanted Email

A large proportion of email messages in an average Internet user's inbox are unwanted commercial messages from mailing lists, bots, and so on. Although such messages often include instructions to unsubscribe, people still struggle with stopping unwanted email. We investigated the user experience of unsubscribing from unwanted email messages by recruiting 18 individuals for via a lab study followed by semi-structured interviews. Based on unsubscribing practices of the study participants, we synthesized eight common unsubscription mechanisms and identified the corresponding user experience challenges. We further uncovered alternative practices aimed at circumventing the need to unsubscribe. Our findings reveal frustration with the prevailing options for limiting access to the self by managing email boundaries. We apply our insight to offer design suggestions that could help commercial providers improve the user experience of unsubscribing and provide users more control over the email they receive.

Peek: context sharing on request with notifications

Ever wondered if it was a good time to call your spouse, child, or friend? Do you sometimes just want to know if they are on their way to meet you? With Peek you can request the activity state (e.g. walking, in-vehicle, at-rest) and location of a phone when needed. Context is sent back automatically to people on the phone owner's pre-approved Peek contact list. The person being peeked at receives a notification that provides awareness of who peeked at them and when.

The digital simulation of river plankton population dynamics

This paper deals with the development of a mathematical model for and the digital simulation in Fortran IV of phytoplankton and zooplankton population densities in a river using previously developed rate expressions. In order to study the relationships between the ecological mechanisms involved, the simulation parameters were varied illustrating the response of the ecosystem to different conditions, including those corresponding to certain types of chemical and thermal pollution. As an investigation of the accuracy of the simulation methods, a simulation of the actual population dynamics of Asterionella in the Columbia River was made based on approximations of conditions in that river. Although not totally accurate, the simulation was found to predict the general annual pattern of plankton growth fairly well and, specifically, revealed the importance of the annual velocity cycle in determining such patterns. In addition, the study demonstrates the usefulness of digital simulations in the examinations of certain aquatic ecosystems, as well as in environmental planning involving such examinations.

A systemic computation platform for the modelling and analysis of processes with natural characteristics

Computation in biology and in conventional computer architectures seem to share some features, yet many of their important characteristics are very different. To address this, [1] introduced systemic computation, a model of interacting systems with natural characteristics. Following this work, here we introduce the first platform implementing such computation, including programming language, compiler and virtual machine. To investigate their use we then provide an implementation of a genetic algorithm applied to the travelling salesman problem and also explore how SC enables self-adaptation with the minimum of additional code.

Using feedback to regulate gene expression in a developmental control architecture

We present what we believe is the first attempt to physically reconstruct the exploratory mechanism of genetic regulatory networks. Feedback plays a crucial role during developmental processes and its mechanisms have recently become much clearer due to evidence from evolutionary developmental biology. We believe that without similar mechanisms of interaction and feedback, digital genomes cannot guide themselves across functional search spaces in a way that fully exploits a domain's resources, particularly in the complex search domains of real-world physics. Our architecture is designed to let evolution utilise feedback as part of its mechanism of exploration.