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Gender Pay Gap Is Smaller in Occupations With a Higher Ratio of Men


female and male professionals standing atop stacks of coins, illustration

Women in gender-atypical occupations often face high performance pressure and career barriers.

Credit: iStock

Men typically earn higher incomes than women, but the gender pay gap is smaller in occupations with a higher ratio of male employees.

The proportions of men and women in different types of occupations vary, and these occupations also vary with respect to pay. According to data from the Federal Labor Office, Germany, people in occupations with a higher ratio of men tend to receive better pay than those in occupations with a higher ratio of women. Occupations with a higher ratio of men include the highest paying fields, such as STEM occupations as well as jobs on executive boards.

Even though they still face career barriers in predominantly male occupations, for women, gender-related visibility may narrow the gender pay gap in occupations that have recently faced increases in demands for gender diversity, such as male-dominated STEM occupations.

From PLOS One
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