Determining the stiffest piece of lumber is now easier with a new smartphone app created by scientists in Mississippi State University's Forest and Wildlife Research Center.
Called "Smart Thumper," the app uses soundwaves or vibrations to determine stiffness, a quality that relates to strength, for individual pieces of lumber.
Developer Dan Seale, professor in MSU's Department of Sustainable Bioproducts, says the app will help carpenters, contractors, architects, engineers, lumber mill personnel, and consumers. It can be particularly beneficial for the do-it-yourself market, he says.
"All lumber is not the same, even though it may be graded the same. The grade is based on a range of values and characteristics," Seale says. "Perhaps a consumer has a pack of lumber which meets the specification for No. 2 grade, but they need a couple of pieces for a header, something that might span the opening for a window or door. This app helps select the stiffest pieces that are least likely to sag over time."
Frederico Franca, the app's co-developer and an assistant research professor in sustainable bioproducts, first envisioned the app when he discovered that the equipment designed to test lumber costs around $84,000.
"The goal was to make something cheaper and more readily available to give consumers and stakeholders broader access to nondestructive testing equipment," Franca says. "Now anyone with a smartphone can download the app to help pick out the stiffest pieces for whatever they are building."
Franca's love of physics, along with the desire to create a less expensive solution, fueled his idea for a smartphone app that would render lumber values through the use of sound and vibration.
"With this app, I can show you which lumber pieces are stiffer and therefore stronger," Franca says. "This can't always be done through visual inspection. You need vibration or you need sound."
Lumber mills use both visual and mechanical means to grade all types of dimensional lumber. Pieces can be tested for strength and stiffness, and the numbers are crunched through an algorithm to determine grade.
"This app can help further evaluate lumber within established grades, potentially optimizing the longevity and cost efficiency of wood structures by selecting stiffer pieces for situations that demand higher performance," Franca says.
Also a part of the code development team is Songyi "May" Han, an MSU sustainable bioproducts doctoral student whose 2017 master's thesis relates to marketing the smartphone app.
The Smart Thumper app is available now from the Apple Store and an Android version is coming soon.
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