Automation and artificial intelligence will affect Americans unevenly, according to data from McKinsey and the 2016 U.S. Census that was analyzed by Brookings.
Young people — especially those in rural areas or underrepresented minorities — will have a greater likelihood of having their jobs replaced by automation. Meanwhile, older, more educated white people living in big cities are more likely to maintain their positions, either because their jobs are irreplaceable or because they're needed in new jobs alongside robots.
The Brookings study also warns that automation will exacerbate existing social inequalities along certain geographic and demographic lines, because it will likely eliminate many lower- and middle-skill jobs considered stepping stones to more advanced careers. These jobs losses will be in concentrated in rural areas.
In the case of gender, men will be getting the short end of the stick. Jobs traditionally held by men have a higher "average automation potential" than those held by women, according to Brookings. That's because the occupations men are more likely to hold tend to be more manual and more easily replaced by machines and artificial intelligence.
"This anger we see among many people across our country feeling like they're being left behind from the American dream, this report highlights that many of these same people are in the crosshairs of the impact of automation," says Alastair Fitzpayne, executive director of the Future of Work Initiative at the Aspen Institute.
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