The U.S. National Science Foundation's annual census has determined that male scientists who obtained doctorates in 2017 and have jobs in the wings expect to earn $88,000 annually on average, versus $70,000 for women. This disparity can be explained mainly by a disproportionate number of men in higher-paying fields like mathematics and computer science; men comprised about 75% of doctoral degrees in those fields and are expected to earn $113,000 annually on average, compared with $99,000 for women.
Fields commanding less pay, like engineering, reflected more equitable wage levels. Meanwhile, only about 61% of doctoral recipients had jobs lined up, versus 72% in 2007.
The University of Washington in Seattle's Denise Wilson said the gender gap is shrinking as women in software and app development careers prosper, while the sluggishness of parity in other disciplines is partly due to women's sense of isolation and lack of support in male-dominated fields.
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Abstracts Copyright © 2019 SmithBucklin, Washington, DC, USA
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