Minority students have been underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs—and in the STEM marketplace. And as the U.S. innovation economy continues to grow, there comes an increasing requirement for skilled STEM workers to maintain the nation's status as a global leader. However, a significant challenge for workforce diversity exists because of limited access of underrepresented populations to quality STEM education and opportunities for STEM employment.
To try and overcome this challenge and ensure national competitiveness and sustained STEM global leadership, the Penn State Center for Nanotechnology Education and Utilization (CNEU), along with Norfolk State University (NSU) and Tidewater Community College (TCC), will form the Southeastern Coalition for Engagement and Exchange in Nanotechnology Education (SCENE) Louis Stokes Regional Center of Excellence in Broadening Participation. A total of $1.2 million in funding for this center was recently awarded by the U.S. National Science Foundation.
SCENE will focus on increasing recruitment and retention of underrepresented minority (URM) undergraduate and graduate students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) and at community colleges with minority and underrepresented student enrollments. Recruitment efforts will be aimed at students studying STEM through nanoscience and nanotechnology education and engagement.
"Our vision, as the three core institutes, is to realize an environment in which every URM student who is interested in science and engineering should be able to pursue a STEM career without barriers," says Osama Awadelkarim, CNEU director and professor of engineering science and mechanics. "We want to enable students to contribute their full talent to STEM or STEM-related fields and inspire and educate them to be leaders and innovators, and to serve as role models in emerging and rapidly changing STEM fields, including nanotechnology."
Because nanotechnology embraces mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering, it has broad applications that highlight the impact of basic sciences and technologies. This provides an effective pathway to prepare URM students for modern challenges in research and development in STEM and to meet the demands of high-tech industries.
"CNEU has an excellent track record of outreach, and the nanotechnology expertise we have accumulated over the years can be used as a conduit to hopefully excite URM students about nanotechnology, but ultimately STEM fields, and motivate them to pursue graduate degrees and careers in various STEM fields," Awadelkarim says. "Working with NSU, the lead institution and one of the larger HBCUs, and TCC will provide increased access and more channels of communications to underrepresented minorities, particularly African Americans, at HBCUs and community colleges to convey the diverse career opportunities in STEM fields."
SCENE will utilize five key components to achieve its goal of broadening participation of URM students in STEM education and research:
Through the CNEU-hosted Nanotechnology Applications and Career Knowledge Network, students will have access to Remotely Accessible Instruments for Nanotechnology (RAIN), a service which provides web access to nanotechnology experts, online access, and control of characterization and processing tools and cleanroom equipment in labs where cutting-edge research is being performed. RAIN will enable instructors to deliver authentic and relevant educational activities for students who normally wouldn't have ready access to specialized facilities, tools, and expertise required for the study of nanoscale science.
SCENE will also develop its own program website that will provide a digital suite of interactive online learning and training modules adapted from CNEU's extensive library of materials. Beyond conventional topics, the modules will address topics such as the origin of nanotechnology, its uniqueness, how it applies in modern society and what its potential is. These modules will also be added to existing courses at NSU and TCC, with an end goal of creating a nanotechnology certificate program for HBCUs.
To provide valuable hands-on research opportunities, CNEU and NSU will host HBCU students in each of their state-of-the-art nanotechnology facilities for short durations, approximately one to two weeks. They will also look to implement a proposed seven-week summer internship program and workshops to increase students' skills and knowledge. SCENE will also utilize partnering institutes, including NASA Langley Research Center, Jefferson National Research Laboratory Applied Research Center and Eastern Virginia Medical School, which are active members of the broader nanoscience and engineering community, to provide student-centered research opportunities.
"The direct access URM students will have to advanced research and accomplished researchers through the program will not only expose them to the many applications and impact of nanotechnology, but it will also prepare them and help them generate competitive portfolios for research opportunities, such as NSF Graduate Research Fellowships and NASA Graduate Fellowships, at national labs and federal research agencies," Awadelkarim says. "We hope this effort will increase the pool of applicants from URM students and institutions and better connect talented URM students with significant research opportunities."
Through collaboration with NSF's NNCI, SCENE will extend its outreach to additional URM students. NNCI, with 16 user facility sites, not only provides access to URM students potentially interested in nanotechnology and STEM, but also to facilities to enhance nanotechnology education and hands-on experience.
SCENE will also provide professional development opportunities for educators and faculty at HBCUs and community colleges with predominately underrepresented minority enrollments.
"If we are to provide high-quality education to underserved populations, we know that it takes more than a few institutions to have the impact we desire," Awadelkarim says. "By providing local educators with the tools, resources, and knowledge they need to effectively educate students in the classroom about nanotechnology, we can better ensure that students gain a realistic understanding of their career opportunities in nanotechnology, as well as in STEM fields."
As the partnerships between the core institutions and partner institutes demonstrate effective strategies in broadening participation of URM students in STEM education and in building a future workforce in high-tech industries, SCENE will continue to seek opportunities for network growth and extension of coalition in strategic and targeted ways to other HBCUs, colleges, and industry and government research laboratories.
"If we are to achieve greater workforce diversity in STEM fields, we need to aggressively expand our reach and develop additional partnerships, including strong alliances with other Louis Stokes centers across the U.S.," Awadelkarim says. "By doing so, we can increase the number of opportunities for high-quality education at all levels and hopefully encourage a greater number of underrepresented minority students to not only enroll in STEM programs, but also to complete STEM degrees so they can compete in today's job market."
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